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Look for these breed specific diseases and call us for a consultation if you detect them in your patients.


Afghan Hound: Cataracts, corneal dystrophy, PPMS, glaucoma, everted nictitians, PRA
Airedale Terrier: Distichiasis, entropion, corneal dystrophy, PRA
Akita: Everted nictitians, corneal dystrophy, VKH (vitiligo and uveitis), PRA, microphthalmia
Alaskan Malamute: Corneal dystrophy iridal heterochromia, hemeralopia, PRA
American Cocker Spaniel: Distichiasis ectropion, “cherry eye”, KCS, PPM’s, cataracts, glaucoma, retinal dysplasia, PRA
Australian Cattledog: PRA

Australian Shepherd: Iridal heterochromia, equatorial staphyloma, retinal dysplasia and detachment, microphthalmia, VKH
Australian Terrier: PRA

Basenji: PPM’s, optic disc and posterior coloboma
Bassett Hound: Ectropion, entropion, glaucoma, PRA
Beagle: Ectropion corneal dystrophy, cataracts, PPM’s, glaucoma, retinal dysplasia, PRA, optic nerve hypoplasia
Bedlington Terrier: Distichiasis, lacrimal punctum atresia, micropalpebral fissure, retinal dysplasia, PRA
Belgian Sheepdog: PRA
Bernese Mountain Dog: Cataracts, PRA, retinal detachments
Bichon Frise: Corneal dystrophy
Bloodhound: Ectropion, entropion, KCS
Border Collie: Proliferative KCS, PRA, collie eye anomaly
Border Terrier: PRA

Borzoi: Retinal dysplasia, PRA
Boston Terrier: “Cherry eye”, entropion, distichiasis, strabismus, cataracts (congenital, and adult), corneal endothelial dystrophy, PRA
Bouvier des Flanders: Iridal heterochromia, cataracts, glaucoma
Boxers: Distichiasis, recurrent superficial corneal erosion, PRA
Briard: PRA, CPRA
Brittany Spaniel: Lens luxation, glaucoma, retinal dysplasia, PRA
Brussels Griffon: Distichiasis
Bull Mastiff: Entropion, everted nictitians
Bull Terrier: KCS, micropalpebral fissure, PRA

Cairn Terrier: Ectopic cilia, lens luxation, glaucoma, PRA
Cardigan Welsh Corgi: Lens luxation, glaucoma, PPM’s, PRA, CPRA
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: Distichiasis, corneal dystrophy, cataracts, PRA
Chesapeake Bay Retriever: Distichiasis, entropion, everted nictitians, cataracts, PRA
Chihuahua: Trichiasis, KCS, corneal endothelial dystrophy, iridal atrophy, lens luxation, glaucoma, PRA
Chow Chow: Micropalpebral fissure, entropion, displaced lacrimal punctum, PPM’s, glaucoma, PRA
Collie: Microphthalmia, proliferative keratoconjunctivitis, corneal dystrophy, PPM’S, choroidal hypoplasia, colobomas of optic disc and sclera, retinal detachment, PRA, central PRA, optic nerve hypoplasia
Curly-Coated Retriever: Distichiasis, entropion, cataracts, PRA

Dachshund: Distichiasis, KCS, pannus dermoid, corneal dystrophy, PPM’S, PRA, optic nerve hypoplasia
Dalmatian: Entropion, dermoid, iridal heterochromia, PRA
Dandie Dinmont Terrier: Glaucoma, PPM’S
Doberman Pincher: Enophthalmia, prominent nictitians, everted nictitians, PPM’S, persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous, PRA

English Cocker Spaniel: Distichiasis, entropion, ectropion, lacrimal punctum atresia, glaucoma, PPM’S, cataracts, retinal dysplasia, PRA, optic nerve pits
English Bulldog: Ectropion, entropion, distichiasis, KCS
English Setter: Entropion, ectropion, KCS, cataracts, PRA
English Springer Spaniel: Glaucoma, cataracts, retinal dysplasia and detachment

Fox Terrier: Trichiasis, corneal dystrophy, cataracts, lens luxation, glaucoma, PRA

German Shepherd: Everted nictitians, distichiasis, chronic superficial keratitis (pannus), cataracts, PRA, Central PRA, optic nerve hypoplasia

German Short Haired Pointer: Entropion, everted nictitians, corneal dystrophy, strabismus
Giant Schnauzer: PRA
Golden Retriever: Distichiasis, entropion, PPM’S, cataracts, retinal dysplasia, PRA, central PRA, VKH (vitiligo and uveitis)
Gordon Setter: Entropion, retinal dysplasia, PRA
Great Dane: Distichiasis, Enophthalmia, prominent and everted nictitians, glaucoma, microphthalmia, PRA
Great Pyrenees: Entropion, ectropion, PPM’S
Greyhound: Distichiasis, pannus, corneal dystrophy, PPM’S, cataracts, PRA

Irish Setter: Distichiasis, entropion, corneal dystrophy, PPM’S, cataracts, PRA, central PRA, optic nerve hypoplasia, VKH (vitiligo and uveitis)

Italian Greyhound: Cataracts, PRA

Jack Russell Terrier: Lens luxation

Keeshond: Ectopic cilia, glaucoma, PRA
Kerry Blue Terrier: Trichiasis, distichiasis, micropalpebral fissure, entropion, KCS, PRA
King Charles Spaniel: Distichiasis, corneal dystrophy, cataracts, PRA

Labrador Retriever: Distichiasis, entropion, retinal dysplasia with and without skeletal abnormalities, PRA, central PRA
Lakeland Terrier: Distichiasis, lens luxation
Lhaso Apso: Distichiasis, entropion, ectopic cilia, KCS, cataracts, PRA
Large Munsterlander: Cataracts

Maltese: Epiphora, PRA
Manchester Terrier: Lens luxation, glaucoma, PRA
Mastiff: Entropion, ectropion, PPM’s
Miniature Bull Terrier: Lens luxation
Miniature Pincher: Entropion, KCS, PRA

Miniature and Toy Poodles: epiphora, distichiasis, lacrimal punctum atresia, glaucoma cataracts, PRA
Miniature Schnauzer: KCS, lacrimal punctum atresia, congenital cataracts, adult cataracts, PRA

Newfoundland: Entropion, ectropion, everted nictitians
Norwegian Elkhound: Distichiasis, entropion, glaucoma, PRA
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever: PRA

Old English Sheep Dog: Distichiasis, entropion, iridal heterochromia, cataract, microphthalmia, PRA

Pekingese: Nasal fold trichiasis, entropion, strabismus, proptosis, distichiasis, lacrimal punctum atresia, ulceration, PRA
Pembroke Welsh Corgi: PPM’s, PRA
Pomeranian: Epiphora, distichiasis, trichiasis, lacrimal punctum atresia, microphthalmia, PRA
Portuguese Water Dog: PPM’s
Pug: Distichiasis, Trichiasis, proptosis, pigmentary keratitis, corneal dystrophy, PRA

Redbone Coonhound: Central PRA
Rottweiler: Entropion, cataracts, retinal dysplasia, PRA, microphthalmia

Saint Bernard: Distichiasis, entropion, ectropion, everted nictitians, dermoids, VKH (vitili go and uveitis)

Saluki: Corneal Dystrophy, PPM’s, glaucoma, retinal dysplasia, retinal detachments, microphthalmia
Samoyed: Corneal dystrophy, PPM’s, glaucoma, retinal dysplasia, PRA, microphthalmia, retinal detachments with skeletal dwarfism, VKH (vitiligo and uveitis)
Schipperke: Micropalpebral fissure, entropion
Scottish Terrier: PPM’s, PRA
Sealyham Terrier: Lacrimal duct atresia, glaucoma, retinal dysplasia, lens luxation, retinal dysplasia
Shar Pei: Entropion, ectropion, redundant facial skin
Shetland Sheepdog: Distichiasis, ectopic cilia, corneal dystrophy, PPM’s, VKH (vitiligo and uveitis), colobomas of optic disc and sclera, PRA, central PRA
Shih Tzu: Entropion, pigmentary keratitis, corneal ulceration, PRA
Siberian Husky: Corneal dystrophy, pannus, iridal heterochromia, cataracts, glaucoma, PPM’s, VKH (vitiligo and uveitis), PRA
Silky Terrier: Cataracts
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier: PRA
Spitz: PRA
Staffordshire Bull Terrier: Cataracts, persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous, PRA
Standard Poodle: Microphthalmia, PPM’s, cataracts, PRA, optic nerve hypoplasia
Standard Schnauzer: Persistent Hyperplastic primary vitreous
Swiss Hound: PRA

Tibetan Spaniel: PRA
Tibetan Terrier: PPM’s, lens luxation, PRA
Toy Havanese: PRA
Toy Terrier: Lens luxation

Vizsla: PRA

Weimaraner: Entropion, distichiasis, everted nictitians
Welsh Springer Spaniel: Glaucoma, cataract, PRA
West Highland White Terrier: KCS, cataracts
Whippet: PRA

Yorkshire Terrier: Distichiasis, KCS, retinal dysplasia, PRA


Abyssinian: Early onset PRA, late- onset PRA
Persian: Epiphora, entropion, iridal heterochromia, retinal atrophy
Siamese: Estropia, nystagmus, iridal heterochromia, GM gangliosidosis


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Avondale Estates, GA 30002

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